Endokinin C (Human)

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SKU: 4411 Category:

Endokinin C (Human)

4411-v 0.5 mg 60.00 EUR
4411-1 mg 2 x 0.5 mg 105.00 EUR

Lys – Lys – Ala – Tyr – Gln – Leu – Glu – His – Thr – Phe – Gln – Gly – Leu – Leu – NH2

(M.W. 1674.9) C78H123N21O20

Synthetic Product

The purity is guaranteed to be higher than 99% by HPLC

Endokinin C | Peptide in α-Tachikinin Precursor 4

A family of mammalian tachykinins, with the carboxyl-terminal FXGlM-NH2 structure (X represents a hydrophobie amino acid residue), includes three peptides: Substance P, Neurokinin-A and Neurokinin B. They are involved in numerous biological activities, such as muscle contraction and pain transmission through interacting with their specific receptors. Three mammalian tachykinin receptors, NK1, NK2 and NK3 are known to show selectivity to substance P, neurokinin A, and neurokinin B, respectively. All of these tachykinin receptor ligands are encoded by several tachykinin precursors (TAC): substance P by αTAC1 neurokinin A by βTAC1, substance P/neurokinin A by γ,TAC1 and neurokinin B by TAC3. Recently, new TACs, TAC4 and its splicing variants, have been cloned and the novel tachykinins, termed endokinin A, B, C, and D, respectively, have been reported1).
The predicted primary structures of endokinin C and D share the common carboxyl-terminal FQGll-NH2, while those of the corresponding endokinin A and Bare FFGlM-NH2. Actually, the predicted structures of endokinin C and D are composed of the same 14 amino acid residues except for the last 2 amino-terminus amino acids. Chemically synthesized endokinin C and D do not have affinity for human NK, and NK2 receptors even at concentrations up to 10-5 M. Similarly, they are very weak agonists to human NK3 receptor (Ki=56 and 28 µM, respectively). The activities thus far observed for synthetic endokinin C and D are: i) both peptides decrease mean arterial blood pressure dose-dependently at relatively higher doses between 10 and 100 nmol/kg; and ii) only endokinin C induces transient mesenteric vasoconstriction in rats. Considering the preservation of the common sequence motif of tachykinins with Met-to-Leu substitution, endokinin C and D may have the unidentified biological activities, with respect to the "fourth NK or related receptor", but this is not confirmed yet 1)). Thus, endokinin C and D may shed some light in clarifying the unsolved activities through the NK receptor near future.

Shipping | Storage | Stability
Endokinin C will be shipped at room temperature. Information about product specific storage conditions will be found on the vial. Stock solutions should be stored at -20°C. Please avoid repeated freezing and thawing by preparing aliquots.

References:

  1. N.M. Page, N.J. Bell, S.M. Gardiner, I.T. Manyonda, K.J. Brayley, P.G. Strange, and P.J. Lowry, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 100, 6245 (2003) (Original, Endokinin C)
  2. J.N. Pennefather, A. Lecci, M.L. Candenas, E. Patak, F.M. Pinto and C.A. Maggi, Life Sci., 74, 1445 (2004) (Review)
  3. N.M. Page, Cell. Mol. Life Sci., 61, 1652 (2004) (Review)

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